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NGT Principal Bench takes cognizance of dying Lake Chande Baba Talab
New Delhi: The National Green Tribunal (NGT) has taken suo moto cognizance of a dying water body in Lucknow city. The NGT Principal Bench headed by Justice Adarsh Kumar Goel, Chairperson accepted a letter petition submitted by Utkarsh Singh Chauhan, Advocate.
Advocate Utkarsh Singh Chauhan has sent an email copy of letter petition addressed to the Chief Minister, Uttar Pradesh regarding conservation and development of lake named 'Chande Baba Talab' situated in village Garhi-Chunoti, Lucknow. With 10 Ramsar sites, Uttar Pradesh has India's second highest number of wetlands of international importance. In view of questions relating to environment the letter petition has been treated and registered as Original Application 602/2022.
Utkarsh Singh Chauhan has stated that the 'Chande Baba Talab' is spread over 100 acres. It is one of the biggest lakes of Lucknow City and has religious significance. During winter, the lake attracts thousands of migratory birds. However, the number of such birds is going down due to encroachments in the area of the lake and reduction in its water level.
Water source of the lake is one storm water drain named Nagwa Nala. Fresh water of said drain, which joins River Sai, is wasted. There is need to join the storm water drain to the Chande Baba Lake in order to improve its water level.
The applicant has also emphasized the urgency for desilting the lake and increase its water retention capacity, making provision for overflow, removing encroachments, measures to protect the lake from encroachments, dense afforestation on all its four sides and beautifying and facilitating the same to attract the tourists and the migratory birds.
The NGT Principal Bench has constituted a Joint Committee comprising of representative of State Wetland Authority, Commissioner, Municipal Corporation, Lucknow, UPPCB, DFO and District Magistrate, Lucknow.
The Joint Committee has been directed to meet within two weeks, undertake visits to the sites, look into the grievances of the applicant, associate the applicant and representatives of the concerned project proponents, verify the factual position, including any consent violation and submit its report within one month.
Notable that NGT is empowered to suo moto take cognizance of the cases involving questions relating to environment arising out of the implementation of enactments specified in Schedule I of the National Green Tribunal Act, 2010 as held by the Supreme Court in Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai V/s. Ankita Sinha and others 2021 SSC Online SC 897. This Tribunal can also take cognizance of such cases on the basis of letter petitions in accordance with settled principles of law governing Public Interest Litigation.
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Prime Minister inaugurates National Conference of Ministers of Environment, Forest and Climate Change in Gujarat
Maharashtra PWD withdraws Road improvement and upgradation plans due to delay in Forest Clearance
The Regional Empowered Committee (REC) Nagpur held a meeting on 12th September 2022 at the Integrated Regional Office of the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Nagpur. The meeting was conducted under the Chairmanship of V N Ambade, DDGF (Central). Among six proposals taken up by the Committee, there were three proposals involving cummulative diversion of 31.104 ha Reserved Forest land under Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980 in Gadchiroli District of Maharashtra for improvement/ Upgradation and maintenance of roads. The Ministry of Rural Development, Govt. of India has set a target for the complete of road on or before March, 2023.
The proposals were earlier taken up by the REC on 26th October 2021 and 26th November 2021, when the Committee advised State Government to obtain Wildlife Clearance from the Standing Committee of NBWL.
Taking into account, the time consuming process in forest clearance, the Central Government deadline, and also the importance of strengtheing roads to control Naxalite activities in the area for the movement of police vehicles, the Public Works Division, State of Maharashtra decied to continue with the existing width of 3.65 mtr and finish the work of black-topping. The State Governemnt expressed willing to withdraw the proposal of upgrading/ improvement of all the roads.
After detailed discussion and considering the importance of these roads, the Committee in its 12th Septemeber meeting informed if they are only strengthening the road within existing RoW, approval of NBWL is not required. Further, the Nodal Officer and the User Agency were also informed to withdraw the proposal from Parivesh portal and adjust NPV paid by the User Agency in other projects of PWD. #Maharashtra #Forest Read more in our wednesday print version
Prime Minister Modi releases eight wild Cheetahs in India under world's first inter-continental large wild carnivore translocation project
NGT Principal Bench imposes Rs. 3000 Crore EC Charges against Rajasthan Govt
New Delhi: In the matter of Original Application No. 606/2018 the National Green Tribunal (NGT) Principal Bench headed by Justice Adarsh Kumar Goel has directed Rajasthan Government to pay Rs 3,000 Crore as Environmental Compensation for improper management of solid and liquid waste. The NGT has slapped an EC charge Rs. 2,500/- Crores towards gap in treatment of 1250 MLD sewage and Rs. 255 Crore for the unremediated legacy waste to the extent of 85 lakh cu.m/MT and remaining against a per day gap of 2989 TPD untreated solid waste.
Earlier in the month, West Bengal and Maharashtra have already been penalized with Rs. 3500/- Crore and Rs. 12000/- Crore. #NGT #Rajasthan #legal #penalty
16 New Landfill Sites planned in Delhi?
New Delhi: 16 new garbage landfill sites to be created in Delhi? Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal has stated that there is a purported plan of building 16 new garbage mountains in Delhi. Condemning the move, on Friday, the Chief Minister said "By now modern solid waste management technologies from across the globe should have been adopted to clear Delhi’s landfills, but they’ve not even tried. Despite spending thousands of crores, the height of the three garbage mountains is only increasing everyday.”
Delhi Govt.'s Stubble Management Technique may be tested in Punjab cornfields
New Delhi: Stubble management formula established in Delhi may now reach to Punjab cornfields. Delhi Government and Punjab Government working in tandem to implementing Pusa Bio-decomposer spray solution across Punjab.
Gopal Rai, the Development as well as Environment Minister of Delhi Government held a meeting with the Punjab Agriculture Minister Sardar Kuldeep Singh Dhaliwal and experts from the Indian Agricultural Research Institute (PUSA) to discuss the problem of air pollution from stubble burning. After the meeting, it was decided that in light of the successful use of bio-decomposer for stubble decomposing in Delhi, a pilot project of spraying free bio-decomposer would be run in some areas of Punjab. After evaluating the results of the pilot project, a decision regarding spraying decomposers in all the agricultural fields of Punjab will be finalised.
After the meeting, Gopal Rai said, “Paddy is cultivated in very few areas of Delhi. The Delhi Government sprayed free bio-decomposer last year to prevent pollution from stubble burning in Delhi. The initiative was highly successful. The process resulted in decomposition of stubble and resulted in an increase in soil's fertility. The Delhi Government will once again spray bio-decomposer on paddy fields, both Basmati and non-Basmati, this year. Farmers face a challenge due to only a short gap between paddy harvest and wheat planting. The Delhi Government has already begun preparing for spraying bio-decompose so that the whole process is completed smoothly and the farmers get the best possible outcomes from it."
The Minister further elaborated Bio-decomposer process stating that it works similarly to organic manure and it improves soil fertility and productivity. This reduces dependence on fertilisers and then lesser fertiliser is needed. Stubble burning not only pollutes the environment, it also lowers soil fertility as it kills beneficial microbes and fungi. Spraying bio-decomposers is not only an environmentally friendly process but it is effective, efficient, cheap, and productive as well.
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New UN University report brings out solutions to reduce disaster impacts
1st September 2022
Climate has become the biggest fear factor in the contemporary world. While talking on the grim flood situation in Pakistan, the United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres linked the disaster to climate change and made the devastation a prime exhibit in the case against climate change. "South Asia is one of the world's global climate crisis hotspots" and "people living in these hotspots are 15 times more likely to die from climate impacts", he said.
After a summer of climatic extremes across the world, a new United Nations University report looks at how the right solutions can reduce the risk of such hazards turning into full-blown disasters, or in some cases eliminate them altogether.
As climate change continues to accelerate and its impacts are increasingly felt, the challenges for disaster risk reduction in the future will only grow and be intensified by the impacts of nature and biodiversity loss. Solutions are already being implemented around the world to address risks, but interconnectivity is not yet placed at the heart of solution design and implementation.
“Interconnected Disaster Risks Report 2021/2022” by the United Nations University - Institute for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS) analysed 10 disasters from around the world, which were selected to be representative of a larger global issue, to identify shared root causes and drivers of disasters, and came up with eight solutions which can prevent or reduce a number of disaster risks.
The solutions are: - 1. Let nature work (coexist with natural processes) 2. Innovate (using new ideas) 3. Work together (enhancing collaboration) 4. Secure livelihoods (establish safety nets to protect people) 5. Consume sustainably (modify our consumption patterns) 6. Strengthen governance (increasing capacity of institutions) 7. Plan for risks (being risk-aware in designing and building infrastructure) 8. Boost early warning (enhancing our capacity to predict and communicate risks).
In the past year alone, disasters caused the loss of around 10,000 human lives and over $280 billion in damages worldwide.
“The good news is that just as the disasters are interconnected, so are the solutions,” stated Dr. Jack O’Connor, Senior Scientist at UNU-EHS and Lead Author of the Interconnected Disaster Risks report. “One type of solution can prevent or reduce a number of different disaster risks, and through our research we were able to identify solutions which can prevent or drastically reduce the impacts of disasters to help us save lives and avoid costly damages.”
Launched two months ahead of the UN Climate Conference (COP27) in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, the report demonstrates that by looking below the surface and identifying the drivers that cause disasters to develop, such as deforestation or urbanization, we can decrease the risk of disasters before they occur. For example, deforestation leads to soil erosion, where a lack of trees and roots means that there is no protection from wind and rain and the soil is easily washed or blown away. This creates ideal conditions for multiple disasters, such as the devastating landslides during the Haiti earthquake, the formation of sandstorms in southern Madagascar and the sedimentation of water reservoirs contributing to the Taiwan drought, leading to lives lost or people’s homes and income opportunities being destroyed. By applying the solution “Let nature work”, we can harness nature’s processes to reduce hazards; for example, by restoring forests to stabilize the soil and prevent land degradation.
The solutions identified in the report are most powerful when implemented in “solution packages”, where multiple solutions work together to address the different elements of each interconnected disaster. For example, a solution package to address the looming extinction of the vaquita is to work together with local fisher communities to comanage conservation areas, to innovate and implement more sustainable fishing methods, to raise awareness for sustainable consumption and to enforce regulations to prevent harmful overfishing and illegal trade. This solution package has a better chance of addressing the problem than if any of the solutions are implemented in isolation.
“The research on this is clear. Without investing and scaling up smart solutions, the disasters of 2021/2022 are just the beginning of a new normal. The responsibility to make changes rests with all parts of society: the private sector, governments, regional and local decision makers, but also with us as individuals. All of our actions have consequences for all of us. In an interconnected world, we are all part of the solution,” concluded Dr. Zita Sebesvari, Deputy Director of UNU-EHS and Lead Author of the Interconnected Disaster Risks report
Sweet Taste of Tata Chem initiatives in Salty Land area
22nd August 2022, email@example.com
New Delhi: 20th August edition of "Stories from Tata.com" contains an interesting article "A Forest Grows Queitly". It's written by Cynthia Rodrigues. Though the communication doesn't offer details of author, ostensibly Cynthia Rodrigues works with Tata Services and is the Author of Re-learning the ABC with Mamma.
The write up shows that Tata Chemicals Society for Rural Development (TCSRD), the CSR arm of the company, initiated efforts towards biodiversity conservation by strengthening the local ecosystem in Okhamandal tehsil of Jamnagar district in Gujarat, home to its Mithapur plant and township. Mithapur is the birthplace of Tata Chemicals. Its importance stems from its massive salt reserves. Due to this it has become the centre of salt and soda ash production in India.
The Okhamandal region, spread across 717 square kilometer, is almost completely surrounded by the ocean. Only a thin strip of about 500 meters of land connects it to the mainland. Tata Chemicals Society for Rural Development started the project with just 15 acres of land. Today it has expanded to 170 acres.
The salinity ingression in the land is quite high due to the geographical position and geological conditions. Low incidence of rainfall and the drought prone region add to the challenges affecting the soil. The restoration of the natural forest required it to thrive on its own, while developing its inherent abilities to adapt to the climatic conditions.
As lucidly described in the article Tata Chemicals people observed a steady decline of the indigenous flora of Okhamandal region. Some of various possible reasons explored by the Company's ThinkTank are those including the exploitation of the medicinal plants, development activities, and the proliferation of some alien invasive weeds, such as prosopis juliflora and parthenium hysterophorus, one of the world’s seven most notorious weeds. These invasive species grew at a faster rate while the rate of growth of the native species was slow. Over time, the grassland (open scrub forest), which was the native ecosystem of the area, began to decline.
Cynthia Rodrigues has mentioned "An unfortunate consequence of this decline was the steady decline of native species, particularly gugal, which was designated as an endangered species by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature in 2021."
As conservation measures, the project initiated dugging of pits those were kept uncovered for a while to enable the soil to be enriched by the sunlight and to absorb the nutrients through rainwater. The saplings and plants were nurtured till their successful growth and acquaintance to the conditions to survive with minimal watering, thereby sustaining a natural habitat.
The article throws delighting insights that in 2004, 40 types of birds were traced in the area, and now increased to 118 species of birds, including migratory species, as well as 28 species of butterflies. The birds, butterflies, bees etc are pollinators, and their return to the fragile ecosystem is a sign that restoration is happening. The pollinators, in turn, help increase the production of the crops. The ecosystem has also witnessed the return of the wild boar, the Indian pangolin, Jungle cat, fruit bat, pale hedgehog, small Indian civet, mongoose, neelgai, Indian porcupine, jackals, striped hyenas etc. Cynthia Rodrigues has described "Every morning, the area around Tata Chemicals’ township is filled with the squawks of peacocks."
TCSRD project has received the “Achievement in Biodiversity Award,” a national level certificate, from the Confederation of Indian Industry in 2019. But the success of the project can also be seen in the myriad shades of green that dot this arid landscape.
FAC defers Bhushan Power & Steel Proposal, desires Top Officials' report on Elephant Distribution & possible impacts
19th August 2022, firstname.lastname@example.org
New Delhi: Proposal for permission under clause - (iii) of section 2 of Forest Conservation Act, 1980 for grant of lease over 112.621 ha of forest land in village Baldihi of Netrabandha Pahar Iron Ore Block allotted to Bhusan Power and Steel Limited under Bonai Forest Division of Sundargarh District was deferred by the Forest Advisory Committee (FAC) in their 1st August 2022 meeting.
The total lease is 139.223 ha. It consists of 112.621 ha of forest land, and 13.994 ha of Govt non-forest land and 12.608 ha of tenancy land.
The forest land proposed for diversion supports vegetation density of 0.5 and 4038 trees will be affected by the project. This land is covered with Tropical Moist Deciduous Forest.
After detailed discussion and deliberation on the proposal with the Nodal Officer (FCA), Odisha and Regional Officer, IRO, Bhubaneswar on the observations of Project Elephant Division, the FAC deferred desired that a team of officers, may visit the area and submit the report: The team comprises of Preet Pal Singh, Dy. IGF, MoEF&CC, New Delhi; Dr. Bilal Haib, Faculty, Elephant Cell, WII, Dehradun and Dr. K Muthamizh Selvan, Scientist ‘E’, Project Elephant Division, MoEF&CC, New Delhi.
The Team of Officers has to ascertain
(1) Status of elephant distribution and movement in the area
(2) Holistic assessment of likely impact of the mining leases operational and proposed to be granted in the area on the elephant habitat and movements; and
(3) Mitigation measures, if any, required to be undertaken for the conservation and protection of elephants in the area.
Notable that Ministry's Bhubaneshwar IRO carried out an inspection of the area and has recommended the proposal for approval under clause (iii) of section 2 of the FC Act. However, the FAC has information that the mining project is located at a distance of 13.31 km and 79.50 km from the Karo-Karampada Elephant Corridor and Simplipal Wildlife Sanctuary, respectively. The proposed area completely falls in the elephant distribution range.
Environment friendly eradication of invasive inspect pest
8th August 2022 Sunita.Mishra.email@example.com
One of the most devastating insect pests infesting fruits and vegetables in Mexico has been eradicated in the state of Colima, according to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The Colima outbreak was detected in April 2021 in the Mexico’s largest port, Manzanillo. It posed an immediate risk to crops, including guavas, mangoes, papaya, and oranges.
According to UN, if not managed promptly, it would have been a significant blow to Mexico's trade across the sector overall, which generates over more than $9.2 billion, annually in exports as well as millions of local jobs.
In cooperation with IAEA and the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), scientists there was able to use a UN-developed nuclear-based sterile insect technique (SIT) to eradicate the medfly, more commonly known as the fruit fly.
As per one UN communication, when medfly females lay eggs in ripe fruit the quality of products can be impacted, making them inedible and unfit to be sold. Scientists released more than 1,450 million sterile male flies in Colima with the environmentally-friendly SIT insect pest control method, that uses irradiation to sterilize insects. When the males mated with wild females after their release, no offspring were produced – eventually leading to eradication of the insects.
NGT Orders RSPCB for imposition of Rs. 5 Lakh per month environmental compensation charges from Rathi Special Steel
Access to clean and healthy environment a universal right
29th July 2022 sk.Mishra.firstname.lastname@example.org
The UN General Assembly adopted a historic resolution on Thursday, declaring access to a clean, healthy and sustainable environment, a universal human right. The resolution, based on a similar text adopted last year by the Human Rights Council, calls upon States, international organisations, and business enterprises to scale up efforts to ensure a healthy environment for all.
Last October, for the first time, the United Nations body whose mission is to promote and protect human rights around the world, passed a resolution recognising access to a healthy and sustainable environment as a universal right. The text, originally presented by Costa Rica, the Maldives, Morocco, Slovenia and Switzerland last June, and now co-sponsored by over 100 countries, notes that the right to a healthy environment is related to existing international law and affirms that its promotion requires the full implementation of multilateral environmental agreements.
It also recognises that the impact of climate change, the unsustainable management and use of natural resources, the pollution of air, land and water, the unsound management of chemicals and waste, and the resulting loss in biodiversity interfere with the enjoyment of this right - and that environmental damage has negative implications, both direct and indirect, for the effective enjoyment of all human rights.
The recognition of the right to a healthy environment by these UN bodies, although not legally binding— meaning countries don’t have a legal obligation to comply— is expected to be a catalyst for action and to empower ordinary people to hold their governments accountable.
Three main interlinked environmental threats that humanity currently faces: climate change, pollution and biodiversity loss - all mentioned in the text of the resolution. Each of these issues has its own causes and effects and they need to be resolved if we are to have a viable future on Earth.
The consequences of climate change are becoming increasingly apparent, through increased intensity and severity of droughts, water scarcity, wildfires, rising sea levels, flooding, melting polar ice, catastrophic storms and declining biodiversity.
Meanwhile, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), air pollution is the largest cause of disease and premature death in the world, with more than seven million people dying prematurely each year due to pollution.
Finally, the decline or disappearance of biological diversity - which includes animals, plants and ecosystems - impacts food supplies, access to clean water and life as we know it.
EAC Industry-1 seeks Govt. Institution report on Ratnamani Metals and Tube manufacturing process
NCR Districts attain only nearly 54% of Plantation Target
Standalone Re-rolling units, Cold rolling units need EC
22nd July 2022
On 20th July 2022, the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC) has directed all the standalone re-rolling units or cold rolling units, which are in existence and in operation as on the date of the notification dated 20th July 2022, with valid Consent to Establish (CTE) and Consent to Operate (CTO) from the concerned State Pollution Control Board or the Union territory Pollution Control Committee, as the case may be, shall apply online for grant of Terms of Reference (ToR) followed by Environment Clearance. #EIA #MoEF To get such updates Subscribe to Enviro Annotations.
Manufacturing of Phosphoric Acid and Sulphuric Acid doesn't require EC
“Jurisdiction of Green Tribunal is not dependent on MoEF&CC’s decision alone”: NGT Principal Bench
25th May 2022 sk.Mishra.email@example.com
New Delhi: The National Green Tribunal (NGT) has stated that “Jurisdiction of this Tribunal is not dependent on MoEF&CC’s decision alone”. The NGT stated this while hearing a review application by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC), on 24th May 2022. MoEF&CC has filed a Review Application No. 14/2022 to review the Tribunal’s Order dated 6th April 2022 in the matter of Original Application No. 136/2020 pertaining to Veterans Forum for Transparency in Public Life versus State of Himachal Pradesh & Ors. Read more