Editorial

Green Consumerism, at what cost?

Published in our print edition dated 21st Sept 2022 Post your comment on Twitter Linkedin

Retail has and is evolving. Increasingly, one aspect of this new ‘under the hood’ perspective focuses on ‘Sustainability’ and ‘Environmental Footprint’. Olivia Montgomery, an associate principal analyst at Capterra, has shared a blog on 15th September 2022, which tells that despite rampant inflation and the host of other factors impacting consumer sentiment, Americans want to buy products that are safe and healthy not only for themselves, but also for our planet and society. Her study shows that in 2022, 95% of surveyed consumers consider the sustainability of a product to be important. And more consumers are putting their money where their mouth is: 84% of these consumers have purchased a sustainable product in the past six months, up from 67% in 2021. Tom Morris, a Senior Trends Analyst at GWI, in his blog says “Age plays no role here, with scientists leading the way across every generation.” He also describes “While India is the only exception by country, influence is split quite evenly between friends/family (51%), climate activists (48%), and scientists (46%).”


The breadth of available environmental data clearly points to an urgent need for collective action to minimize and reduce the harm that we have already inflicted on our planet. Most of the damage has already been done by the developed countries.


Keeping aside India’s traditional and minimalist lifestyle, the origin of green consumerism in other parts of the world dates back to the ‘60s and ’70s. Over time, “sustainability” has evolved from a simple buzzword to a mindset that has driven the consumption landscape to change. Popular world leaders like Prime Minister Narendra Modi also substantially sensitized millions on the earth about a sustainable lifestyle.


Green consumers are making consumption choices amongst an ever-growing selection of ‘green products’. Green consumer behavior may be characterized on the basis of (1) ethical purchase choice, product use and post-use; (2) purchase and use of products with lower environmental impacts; and (3) use of organic products, made with low impact processes and can then easily be disposed of through recycling, biodegradability, or compostability. Here, understanding the life cycle of a product holds key.


And the importance of green consumerism, includes (1) reduced waste in packaging; (2) increased energy efficiency; (3) consumption of healthier, less environmentally harmful foods; (4) resource optimization, such as optimum use of water and natural resources; (5) reduced release of air emissions and other pollutants during production and transportation processes.


A book “Green Consumerism: The Behavior of New Age Consumer'', edited by Ruchika Singh Malyan, Punita Duhan, both faculty members in Business Administration at the Meera Bai Institute of Technology, operating under the Department of Training and Technical Education, Government of NCT of Delhi - provides a holistic understanding the importance of promoting green products and discusses consumers’ buying intentions and decisions. It deliberates how consumers are taking responsibility and becoming more aware, driving change in the marketplace. In response, companies are integrating appropriate green strategies into their operational activities, product development processes, and marketing activities to achieve a competitive advantage in saturated markets. This not only helps companies to gain market share but also minimize their production costs. On the contrary, there is a marketing force that is relentlessly propagating a vague theory of sustainability at a higher price. This must be challenged, discouraged.

STP sludge disposal needs a review

Published in our print edition dated 31st August 2022 Post your comment on Twitter Linkedin

Recently, on 19th August, there was an outbreak of E.coli bacteria in the United States. According to a Reuters report, out of 37 sick, 22 people were said to have consumed sandwiches with romaine lettuce in Michigan, Ohio, Indiana and Pennsylvania in the week before they fell ill. Such infections are not new. There are many reports of E Coli outbreaks sinsyne the scientists first recognized E. coli O157 as a pathogen in 1982.

An article from healthline.com describes Escherichia coli (E. coli) as a type of bacterium that...

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Heading for Water Wars?

Published in our print edition dated 24th August 2022

A very pertinent question at a time when news of drying rivers in several countries are making headlines. Climate Change - I Care, a Linkedin group initiated a poll and discussion on “Are We Heading For Water Wars? As many as 72% said “Yes”, and 17% replied “Not Sure, May be”. This Group with over 30000 members has a purpose to educate individuals on the factors affecting climate change and global warming as well as to influence them to make a contribution to stop its progression through a green and sustainable way of life for the environment.

Water Cooperation issues came up. Pros and cons of desalination deliberated. Some expressed water as a scarce resource, indispensable for life. Serge Znu describes it as a war for resources in the time of a War Cycle. More Free Read

Consider e-waste pricing

Published in our print edition dated 17th August 2022

The Government of India, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change through a draft notification vide S.O. No. 360(E) dated 19th May 2022 sought public opinion on proposed amendments to E-Waste (Management) Rules, 2016.

The amendment may apply to every manufacturer, producer, of electrical and electronic equipment (EEE), refurbisher and recycler involved in manufacture, sale, transfer, purchase, and processing of e-waste or electrical and electronic equipment, including their components, consumables, parts and spares which make the product operational. Read more

Blind Selling of Blue Gold

Published in our print edition dated 3rd August 2022

In 2010, two Japanese autoanciliaries operating from a notified industrial area in Northern India approached the Central Ground Water Authority (CGWA) seeking permission for extraction of groundwater. Both of these units were already having bore wells. It’s not that they were wilful violators. But the local body didn’t guide them aptly. It rather gave them some liberty to abstract groundwater, temporarily during the construction phase, against submission of some affidavit. Subscribe to EA

Kovind’s Concerns over Environment

Published in our print edition dated 27th July 2022

In his farewell address to the Nation as President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind expressed concerns over environmental issues. He said "Mother Nature is in deep agony and the climate crisis can endanger the very future of this planet. We must take care of our environment, our land, air and water, for the sake of our children. In our daily lives and routine choices, we must be more careful to protect our trees, rivers, seas and mountains as well as all other living beings. As the first citizen, if I have to give one advice to my fellow citizens, it has to be this." Subscribe and take your copy for further reading.

The new CAQM order and its impact on Paper Mills

Published in our print edition dated 20th July 2022

The new order prohibits any industry in the National Capital Region (NCR) to use coal for generation of steam in boilers both for process heat requirements as well as captive power generation. This has resulted in a critical situation for paper mills in the region.

Presently, coal is being used as fuel for steam generation. Steam provides heat to dry paper as well as in some of the mills to run turbines that generate electricity for the mill requirements. In absence of coal, biomass is an alternate fuel- not available in adequate quantities. Furthermore, the existing boilers which have been designed to run on coal cannot generate steam with desired pressure to run turbines; using biomass as fuel. Subscribe and take your copy for further reading

Environmental Labs Masking Data

NABL must ensure Data Quality

Published in our print edition dated 13th July 2022

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has been emphasising quality of life, quality of education, quality of products. In his 2021 Independence Day Speech, the Prime Minister deliberated on even moving a step further than attaining highest quality standards in order to sustain in the global competition. He stated “I want to say emphatically to all the manufacturers of the country, that you should never forget that the product you sell overseas is not just a product made by your company, it is the identity of our nation, India's prestige and the faith of all the citizens of our country.”

Though, Prime Minister didn’t categorically mention Service #Quality, it has an equal importance in everyday life as well. It is an integral part of manufacturing.

On searching, the definition of Quality is described in many ways - “fitness for use,” “customer satisfaction,” “doing things right the first time,” or “zero defects.” Webster’s dictionary defines quality as “a degree of excellence” and “superiority in kind”.

When it comes to the subject of environment, quality of both products and services matter. On one hand, such products may be pollution control devices used in manufacturing plants to treat Subscribe and take your copy for further reading

Property Tax linked to Good Environment

Published in our print edition dated 6th July 2022

Environmental issues have always been addressed from the top. In fact, when the Ministry of Environment and Forest was created for the first time, the then Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi himself was in charge of the Ministry.

On 1st July 2022, Lieutenant Governor of Delhi shared a social media message on Twitter “Unseemly Mountains of Garbage surround Delhi. Stinking heaps over 50m high in the Capital are not only grave health hazards but a National Shame!”

The LG sought suggestions and participation from Delhitees in the efforts to take out Delhi of over 28 million MT of waste. There were 159 comments till this write-up was prepared. Subscribe and take your copy for further reading

Ban all Sachets for good environment

Published in our Print edition dated 29th June 2022

The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) has released a list of single-use plastic items prohibited from 1st July 2022. The list has four categories (1) Plastic Sticks (2) Cutlery Items (3) Packaging / Wrapping Films and (4) Other items. Sachets used for packaging of shampoos, oils, and many other domestic products are not listed anywhere.

However, CPCB has stated that as per the Plastic Waste Management (PWM) Rules, 2016, there is a complete ban on sachets using plastic material used for storing, packing or selling gutkha, tobacco and pan masala. This is a good work, half done. The #sachets are widely associated with ketchup to cosmetics, from laundry detergent to seasoning and snacks. These sachets pose a greater threat to the environment. Not only the plastic wastes cause environmental concerns. Also, the left away residue inside the sachets add to the fury of plastic waste by degrading soil and water quality.

According to Reuters, London-listed Unilever plc (ULVR.L), a pioneer in selling sachets, has privately fought to derail bans on the problematic packaging despite saying publicly it wants to get rid of them. Unilever's India Subscribe and take your copy for further reading

Climate, Water and Amrit Sarovars

Published in our Print edition dated 22nd June 2022

Earlier, in April this year, there were reports that India recorded its warmest March on record, with an average maximum temperature of 33.1 ºC, or 1.86 °C above the long-term average. The reports also depicted Pakistan recording its warmest March for at least the past 60 years, with a number of stations breaking March records. It was further reported that in the pre-monsoon period, both India and Pakistan regularly experience excessively high temperatures, especially during May. However, the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) categorically mentioned that it’s premature to attribute the extreme heat in India and Pakistan solely to climate change. Nevertheless, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), in its recent Sixth Assessment Report, said that heatwaves and humid heat stress would be more intense and frequent in South Asia this century. Subscribe and take your copy for further reading #climate #amrit #sarovar #pond

NABET, Attention Please

Published in our Print edition dated 15th June 2022

World Accreditation Day (WAD) is observed on 9th June. WAD was jointly initiated by the International Accreditation Forum (IAF) and International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation (ILAC) with an aim to raise awareness of the importance of accreditation-related activities.

Accreditation is the action or process of officially recognizing someone as having a particular status or being qualified to perform a particular activity. Accreditation is based on self and peer assessment. Its purpose is the improvement of product and service quality and public accountability. It is a part of the Quality Infrastructure that helps businesses of all sizes and sectors to reduce costs, limit their environmental impact, improve quality, access new market opportunities, and differentiate themselves from competitors. Thus, it involves People, Planet and Prosperity - three pillars chosen to group the Subscribe and take your copy for further reading

Soil: The Chemical, Physical & Biological Powerhouse

Published in our Print Edition of 25th May 2022


Soil is a finite natural resource. It’s non-renewable. Soil is a thin layer of earth’s crust that serves as a natural medium for the growth of plants. It is the unconsolidated mineral matter that has been subjected to, and influenced by genetic and environmental factors – parent material, climate, organisms and topography all acting over a period of time. Top soil consists of organic carbon that helps in soil aggregation and also improves water holding capacity of the soil that in turn helps in slowing down the flow of water through the soil. Adequate amounts of basic inorganic nutrients present in the soil are required for healthy growth of vegetation. Subscribe and take your copy for further reading #savesoil

Why so much silence?

People rarely discussing Biological Diversity, Wildlife Protection Amendment Bills

Published in our Print Edition of 18th May 2022

Recently, the Former Environment Minister Jairam Ramesh has been in the news for two important things, besides his Gujarat visit. And, ofcourse, after negating the non-environmental issues. The Member of Parliament to Rajya Sabha, and Chairman of the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Science & Technology, Environment, Forests & Climate Change in April 2022 submitted the Standing Committee's report on The Wild Life Protection (Amendment) Bill, 2021 to the Chairman, Rajya Sabha. The submission was 3 days before the deadline 24th April 2022, which was appreciated by the Chairman, Rajya Sabha. Subscribe and take your copy for further reading

Noise Pollution Insights

PCBs influencing Environmental Justice

Published in our Print Edition of 11th May 2022

The ongoing noise pollution ruckus has drawn attention of all the sections of the society. It’s well known that prayers are not the only source of noise pollution. Also, this is not the first time that noise pollution issues have surfaced. Many Indians must have seen Rajinikanth- a great actor Subscribe and take your copy for further reading #noise

Resizing Karlapat Wildlife Sanctuary

Published in our 4th May 2022 Print Edition


Karlapat Wildlife Sanctuary is a wildlife sanctuary located in Kalahandi district and a popular tourist attraction of an eastern Indian state, Odisha. Karlapat Wildlife Sanctuary is about 15 km from Bhawanipatna, the district headquarters of Kalahandi district.


Major plant communities include mixed deciduous forests and scrublands. The sanctuary is home to many wildlife species like tiger, leopard, sambar, nilgai, barking deer, mouse deer, a wide variety of birds like green munia, an et al. The sanctuary was often in the news due to a series of elephant deaths in 2021.The area of Karlapat Wildlife Sanctuary, as notified in the year 1992, was 147.66 sq. km. After geo-referencing cadastral maps of villages around the Sanctuary, the area comes to 184.63 sq. km.


The Government of Odisha has sent a proposal for exclusion of an area of 4.32 sq. km. from the sanctuary. It has also been proposed to include 13.688 sq. km. in the Sanctuary. And, after the reduction and inclusion, the revised final area of sanctuary will be 193.998 sq. km., which is 9.368 sq. km more than the notified area. The proposal was discussed in the 67th Meeting of the Standing Committee of the National Board for Wild Life (NBWL) on 25th March 2022 under the chairmanship of Union Minister for Environment, Forest & Climate Change (MoEF&CC).


Earlier, the Standing Committee in its 65th meeting decided that the proposal shall be examined by a site inspection committee, which would submit its report by 15th October 2021. Accordingly MoEF&CC constituted a committee that submitted the desired report on 6th December 2021.

The committee has accepted the need for rationalisation of the boundary of Karlapat Wildlife Sanctuary in view of the past discrepancies in notified area versus actual area, and the observations of the committee during the site visit. However, the committee has recommended two courses of action prior to rationalisation - (1) The current proposed rationalised boundary requires a reworking in a manner that ensures no impact of any future mining development on the Sanctuary. (2) Any future permissions given for mining of the bauxite deposits outside the Sanctuary have to ensure that the mining operations do not impact the Sanctuary.


Dr. R. Sukumar, Member, NBWL, who was a part of the Committee formed as per decision taken in the 65th meeting, said that the boundaries of the sanctuary have not been properly demarcated and there is a need for rationalisation of the boundaries. He mentioned that the committee observed that there are bauxite deposits nearby and the proposed boundary is a straight line which gives the impression that the change in the boundary has been proposed in order to allow bauxite mining in the future. The committee also observed that the mining site should not extend into the denotified area.


Notable that on 22 September 2021 Odisha Bytes reported that the auction of Karlapat iron ore and bauxite block was put on hold, in compliance with an interim order of the Orissa High court. Karlapat was among the 11 mineral blocks put up for auction by the Odisha government. Incidentally, Karlapat bauxite block lies near the Karlapat Sanctuary, a designated elephant corridor in the Kalahandi district, and is considered ecologically very sensitive. It is also important to note that Vedanta’s aluminium company is not very far from the area, and it is in the same district.


Environmentalists believe that mining of the Karlapat bauxite block would dry up 300 large and small streams in the sanctuary.


Though the decision is yet not finalised, it won’t be impossible on the part of the Odisha Government to get the Ministry’s approval. Now, the MoEF&CC has to ensure sustainability. Moreover, it is a place in the same State from which Climate Activist Archana Soreng belongs to. Soreng says Indigenous communities like hers make up only 5% of the world’s population. But they protect more than 20% of our planet’s land and 80% of its biodiversity. Will Soreng respond to this also?

Boost C&D Wastes Recycling to curb Sand Mining

Published in our 27th April 2022 Print Edition

Sand plays an indispensable part in human life. It has a major role in construction. Though the required quantity is too less, it also has a place in rituals. Even then, it’s too difficult to define sand on a scientific line. Sand is a naturally occurring granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles between 150 micron to 4.75 mm in diameter (Indian Standard Specification IS 383-1970). Sand is formed due to weathering of rocks due to mechanical forces. In the process the weathered rocks form gravel and then sand. Read more free of cost

World Heritage Forests, Carbon Sinks

Published in our 20th April 2022 Print Edition

Since 1982, International Day for Monuments and Sites has been observed on 18th April. This year’s theme is Heritage and Climate. The theme has wider relevance as climate change is one of the defining issues of current time, and among the greatest threats facing cultural and natural.

According to the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) One in three natural sites and one in six cultural heritage sites are currently threatened by climate change. In recent years, the world, including India, has witnessed several cultural and natural heritage sites threatened by wildfires, floods, storms and mass-bleaching events. Some of these wildfires originated from industrial sources, human activities and some occurred from nature’s wrath. Indian Forest is fire prone in a highly to extreme category. The number of large forest fires reported during November 2020 and June 2021 was maximum 3044 in Odisha, followed by Madhya Pradesh (2970), Maharashtra (2201) and Chhattisgarh (2057).


UNESCO’s report, World Heritage forests: Carbon sinks under pressure, reveals that a staggering 60% of World Heritage forests are threatened by climate change-related events. Marine sites are equally under pressure, with two-thirds of these vital carbon stores – home to 15% of global blue carbon assets – currently experiencing high risks of degradation.


Researchers at UNESCO, the World Resources Institute and the International Union for Conservation of Nature(IUCN) have assessed the gross and net carbon absorbed and emitted by 257 UNESCO World Heritage forests between 2001 and 2020. They found that these 257 sites stored approximately 13 billion tonnes of carbon in vegetation and soils. This exceeds the amount of carbon in Kuwait’s 101 billion barrels of proven oil reserves. The majority of the World Heritage forest carbon is stored in tropical sites. If all this stored carbon were to be released into the atmosphere as CO2, it would be akin to emitting 1.3 times the world’s total annual CO2 emissions from fossil fuels.


The researchers have found that 10 of 257 forests emitted more carbon than they captured between 2001 and 2020 due to different anthropogenic disturbances and pressures.


On International Day for Monuments and Sites 2022 UNESCO has brought a report “World Heritage forests: Carbon sinks under pressure”, a report that provides the first global scientific assessment of greenhouse gas emissions and sequestration by forests in UNESCO World Heritage sites.


It reveals that despite substantial carbon stored and absorbed by forests across UNESCO’s World Heritage network, the climate benefits of even some of the world’s most iconic and protected forests are under pressure from land use and climate change. For example, over the past 20 years, World Heritage sites lost 3.5 million hectares of forest (an area larger than Belgium) and forests in 10 World Heritage sites emitted more carbon than they absorbed. Continued reliance on these forests’ carbon sinks and storage depends on improved forest protection.


The reasons for emissions to be greater than sequestration included clearance of land for agriculture, the increasing scale and severity of wildfires due to drought, as well as extreme weather phenomena such as hurricanes.


India’s Sundarbans National Park is among five sites that have the highest blue carbon stocks globally. Blue carbon is an organic carbon that is mainly obtained from decaying plant leaves, wood, roots and animals. It is captured and stored by coastal and marine ecosystems.


The #UNESCO report suggests three distinct pathways to secure these forests as carbon sinks for future generations against severe weather events and land-use pressures. (1) Rapid and effective responses can help prevent devastation from climate-related events, (2) Support mechanisms that maximise intactness and connectivity of forests and (3) Integrate World Heritage sites into climate, biodiversity, and sustainable development agendas. However, while dealing with forests in many parts of India, it is indispensable to include the forest dwellers and understand their lifestyle.

Differentiate CER from CSR to make it effective

15th April 2022

The concept of Corporate Social Responsibility, widely known as CSR is not new in India. If we look back, there were several towns and villages, temples, educational institutions, hospitals created by the Tatas, Birlas, and probably by many other industry and business houses. All these have huge significance, even today. Now, CSR has a legal binding. However, according to the latest available data for the fiscal ending 31st March 2021, which was worst hit by the pandemic, a mere 0.24% of the total number of registered companies participated in CSR. The concept of CSR is provided under the Companies Act, 2013 and Companies (Corporate Social Responsibility Policy) Rules 2014.

At the same time, there are provisions made under the Corporate Environment Responsibility (CER) activity. As per the Office Memorandum (OM) issued by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change on 1st May 2018, a maximum of 2% in case of Greenfield projects with capital investment or capital expenditure (CAPEX) of less than or equal to 100 Crore, and 1% of Additional CAPEX in case of Brownfield projects; was to be kept reserved for CER activities. There were five slabs upto above 10,000 Crore CAPEX 0.25% and 0.125%, for greenfield and brownfield projects, respectively. However this has changed now as per OM vide Subscribe to read more

Green Governance must for Good Health

6th April 2022

Theme of World Health Day this year is Our Planet, Our Health. Very justified, and judicious. The corona pandemic is not yet over. The planet is becoming increasingly polluted day by day. Diseases like cancer, asthma, heart disease, et al are on the rise. In such a situation, on World Health Day 2022, the World Health Organisation (WHO) is focussing global attention on urgent actions needed to keep humans and the planet healthy and foster a movement to create societies focused on well-being.   

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At such a challenging time, one should ponder upon Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s One-Word Movement. The One-Word, LIFE, in the context of climate that can become the basic foundation of One World. L, I, F, E, which means Lifestyle For Environment.

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Nevertheless, in today’s India, responsible governance is even important to create a 360 degree behavioural change in the entire nation. Skipping important decisions; overlooking non-compliances by all types of industries - micro, small, medium and even large; diluting criminal activities as per laws are on the rise. To read full article Subscrbe to our print edition.

States, UTs ignoring importance of CBWTD?

Published in our Print Edition on 30th March 2022

Bio-medical Waste Treatment and Disposal issue has been raised in Lok Sabha, twice, during the ongoing Parliament Session. Two MPs questioned on 14th March, while six MPs asked on 21st March 2022. According to the replies of the Minister of State for Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Ashwini Kumar Choubey, only 208 Common Bio-medical Waste Treatment and Disposal Facility (CBWTD) with an installed capacity of 1167.4 Tonnes per Day are operating throughout the country. The information furnished in the Lok Sabha was as per reports submitted by the Pollution Control Boards and Pollution Control Committees in 2020. Maharashtra has the maximum 30 facilities, followed by 25 in Karnataka and 21 in Uttar Pradesh. There are no operational CBWTFs in 9 States and Union Territories.

At the same time, according to 2019 data shared by statista.com, 18,99,230 beds were available in India. It’s also sourced from Reserve Bank of India data that till 2019 considering the number of only government hospitals, Tamil Nadu was on Advertise/Subscribe to read more

Controlling Air Pollution Data

Published in our Print Edition on 16th March 2022

Top Indians leaders have been reiterating India’s commitment towards environmental conservation. Basic environmental awareness has increased in several parts of the country. Weak areas are successfully identified by activists and media. Now, environmental issues are often discussed in both the Houses of Parliament. In spite of so much focus from everyone, authentic and valid environmental data has remained a major concern. On 14th March 2022, while replying to questions raised by Ashok Kumar Rawat, Member of Parliament, Union Minister for Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Bhupender Yadav mentioned that there is no established mechanism for ranking the cities in terms of pollution. It also requires authentic data and proper peer review. Several private institutions and universities rank cities by adopting different methodologies, different sets of data and using different weightage to parameters. The Union Minister also stated that the data used for ranking is extracted primarily from satellite imageries, which are not validated by proper ground truthing. And, easy access to similar unreliable data affects perception and beliefs of common mass. Advertise/ Subscribe to read more

Something About Hydroinformatics

Water security is a major – and growing – challenge for many countries today. The global population is spiralling, and estimates show that with current practices, the world will face a 40% shortfall between forecasted demand and available supply of water by 2030. Feeding 9 billion people by 2050 would require a 60% increase in agricultural production, which consumes 70% of water resources today, and a 15% increase in water withdrawals. More free reading

Basics of Fuel Hydrogen

From our Print Issue 2nd March 2022

Hydrogen is widely considered to be a clean fuel that, when consumed in a fuel cell, produces only water. Hydrogen can be produced from a variety of domestic resources, such as natural gas, nuclear power, biomass, and renewable power like solar and wind. These qualities make it an attractive fuel option for transportation and electricity generation applications. It can be used in cars, in houses, for portable power, and in many more applications. It takes energy to produce molecular hydrogen. The source of energy and the production method used to make molecular hydrogen determines whether it’s classified as grey hydrogen, blue hydrogen or green hydrogen. More free reading

Are Solar Projects Really Environment-friendly?

23rd February 2022


There has been a visible impact of solar energy in the Indian energy scenario during the last few years. About 5,000 trillion kWh per year energy is incident over India's land area with most parts receiving 4-7 kWh per sq. m per day. Theoretically, a small fraction of the total incident solar energy, if captured effectively, can meet the entire country's power requirements. And, the government has been aggressively working towards it.


Erik Solheim, an eminent environmentalist, quoted Bhadla Solar Park in Jodhpur District of Rajasthan in a social media platform. Besides being the President of Green Belt and Road Institute, Erik has many feathers on his cap. In his message, More Free Reading

Quit Cigarette for Climate

16th February 2022

In a move to fight against microplastics, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Secretariat of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) are ...

It generates 55 Mt wastewater. The sector’s annual climate change impact at 84 Mt CO2 eq is comparable to entire countries’ emissions and 0.2% of the global ..

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Why HSPCB displayed a trader’s product to Union Ministers?

9th February 2022

Amidst the reigning, though diminishing fear of Corona, on the eve of World Wetlands Day 2022, a national level programme was organised at Sultanpur National Park, which falls within the ambit of Haryana’s Gurugram District administration. Quite close to New Delhi. The Chief Minister of Haryana presided over the function. Union Minister for Environment, Forest and Climate Change Bhupender Yadav as Chief Guest, and the Union Minister of State for Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Ashwani Kumar Choubey as Special Guest, graced the special occasion. It was a limited, but meaningful gathering. Children from school also participated. A few stalls of exhibition were also there. Haryana State Pollution Control Board (HSPCB) and Hero MotoCorp were on the most prominent spots from the entry point. Haryana State Biodiversity Board, Haryana Pond and Wastewater Management Authority, Maharashtra Bamboo Development Board from Nagpur were among others. Subscribe to read more

Disadvantage OSPCB

2nd February 2022

According to a 2019 UN report, sand and gravel resources are the second-largest resource extracted and traded by volume after water. The UN had expressed concern over the growing trend of untenable and illegal extraction in marine, coastal and freshwater ecosystems. Unsustainable sand extraction does not only impact the environment but can also have far-reaching social implications. Matter of Original Application No. 33/2020/EZ in the National Green Tribunal (NGT) has paramount significance, in which the Applicant alleged illegalities and violations of pollution norms by sand mining operators in the Subarnarekha River in Odisha. And, the Applicant’s accusations were said to be justified as per report of a Joint Committee constituted by the NGT. Use of machines was not allowed to the sand miners. They were permitted only for manual mining.

One of the major aspects of the complaint was about the excess mining beyond the permissible limit and throughout day and night. Also, mining beyond the designated lease area. The NGT also observed in its order dated 2nd December 2020 that the most glaring illegality was to grant Consent to Operate (CTO) by the Odisha State Pollution Control Board (OSPCB) Subscribe to read more

Tribute to India’s Iconic Tigress

19th January 2022

India is home to more than 70% of the world's tigers. As per latest estimates, tiger population in India stood at 2,967. Madhya Pradesh is house to maximum 526 tigers, followed by Karnataka’s 524. Tiger is our national and culture heritage and therefore revered by many Nationals as its National Animal.

Looking at the mortality rate of tigers, the number also stands maximum 202 in Madhya Pradesh between 2012 and 2020. Pench Tiger Reserve in Madhya Pradesh had lost 17 during the same period. But the loss of a tigress, last weekend, was enormous when one of the most famous tigers of our country, Collarwali, breathed her last in Pench Reserve. She had featured in BBC Wildlife documentary “Spy in the Jungle”.

On her demise, thousands of messages expressing profound grief surfaced in social media, including those from the Union Minister Bhupender Yadav, Cricket legend Sachin Tendulkar, and Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh Shivraj Singh Chouhan. BBC describes her as India's "Super Mom" tigress was no ordinary big cat. Legendary Tigress leaves a set incredible records. 2005 born Collarwali, in her 16+ years, played pivotal role in changing the fortunes of the Pench Tiger Reserve in the central state of Madhya Pradesh. The same forests that are believed to have inspired Rudyard Kipling's classic - The Jungle Book. Collarwali is acclaimed for her contribution towards Tiger population in India. In May 2008, she delivered three cubs, her first litter. But none survived. Reportedly due to pneumonia. In 2010, Collarwali surprised everyone by delivering five cubs in a litter. She instantly gained popularity for this incredible record.

She gave birth to 29 cubs in 8 litters, out of which 25 survived, which is also reckoned as a world record. This glorifies Collarwali, also named as T-15, with her exceptional motherhood and caring.

Collarwali was born to T-1, also known as Charger, and T-7 alias Badi Mata, another famous tigress of Pench. She was the first-born of four cubs, and all of them were featured, along with the mother. According to some, Collarwali name came after she being first to be tied with a radio collar in 2008. It’s also said that her radio collar was replaced in 2010 after which she was known by the name Collarwali. Whatever be it, after establishing her own territory, Collarwali in the prime area of her mother's range, she rarely stepped out of it, and reigned there until her death. Survival and killing skills are highly important for any mother Tigress to raise her cubs properly, which T-15 had inherited from her mother. Many times she was spotted preying on Sambhar deer, Spotted Deer, Wild Boar and heavy herbivorous like Indian Gaur. The tigress was also famous for her Two-kills-a-day. Such master skills must have helped her to raise such a good number of cubs.

Apart of being a good killer, Collarwali was also a great mentor. She was reportedly seen teaching her cubs on making-a-kill techniques like sharpening of claws, patience, position to attack, when to attach and how to attack.

Collarwali was also popular for her boldness. It is said that before she was born, tiger sightings were rare at Pench. Wildlife Experts orates her to be so bold that she rarely disappointed Pench tourists and visitors. Every year, thousands of tourists head to the 51 tiger reserves dotted across India, hoping to catch a glimpse of the majestic animal. And Queen Collarwali never hesitated to walk out on the kaccha road when she heard jeeps coming, as if she wanted to be seen. Hence, she was also called her a tourist lover. Even on the day of her demise, more than 40 safaris were in Pench Reserve.

Colossal Tigress - in size, in fame, fondness and even fear, Collarwali was cremated with honour on Sunday in an open ground in Karamjhiri range of Indira Gandhi Priyadarshini Pench National Park at the hands of Shanta Bai, a local tribal leader. Forest staff, naturalists and local villagers offered flowers and prayers. Important to note, most of the tiger deaths reported during 2012 – 2020 happened in December and January.


Though Collarwali passed away, she will continue to live in many hearts. As Mirae Assets mentions in their condolence message, “Her roars will always resonate in the forests of India. May her Tiger tribe continue to grow and flourish.”